Some Tips And Tricks For A More Active Life

You should never underestimate the importance of exercise in your daily life. Fitness experts all agree on how important it is in maintaining a healthy and active lifestyle. This article has many suggestions and helpful tips to help you workout more efficiently, with a better routine and exercises. Apply these following tips to maximize your workout.

If you want to get in shape but don't have money for a gym membership or fancy exercise equipment, don't fret. There are plenty of exercises you can do without needing any of this. You can run, walk, do sits or push-ups. Don't let a lack of money get in your way of looking and feeling great.

Whatever fitness routine you choose, be sure to include cardio-vascular exercise. Staying heart and lung healthy is extremely important, and a cardio workout will do just that for your body. Try to do 30 minutes of cardio or aerobic exercise at least 3 times a week. This can take the form of running, biking, using a treadmill or elliptical trainer, or swimming. Remember not to overdo it. If you find yourself short of breath, you should take a break until your heart rate slows down.

Make sure you make every effort to do as much exercise as you can throughout the day. It can be something like choosing to ride your bicycle to work instead of driving if you live close enough. You can also try to park a couple blocks away from work or the store to give you more walking time throughout the day, every little effort helps.

Fit in some stretching exercises when you are sitting at your desk at work. It is not good for your body when you sit at your desk for hours without getting up. Every 60 to 90 minutes, if you can get up and stretch for five minutes, you can increase the circulation in your muscles and prevent muscle cramps.

To maximize visit the next internet site of your workouts, make sure to eat immediately after working out. Shakes full of protein are a great thing to consume after your workouts because they can help you build muscle very quickly. Try making one with fat-free frozen yogurt, fruit, egg substitute, and some cocoa powder for a great post-workout boost.

Even if you sustain an injury to your right arm, don't avoid exercising your left arm. It is actually possible that by increasing the intensity of your left arm's workout, you may actually increase the strength in your injured arm by as much as ten percent over two weeks. By working out with your uninjured arm, you are stimulating the nerve muscles of your injured arm.

When rock or wall climbing, a great tip is to purchase shoes that fit your feet so tight that you can stand, however, you can not walk comfortably. Wearing shoes this tight will: give you the best control; and will help you use your legs in the most efficient way. Using your legs is crucial when climbing.

You can give your triceps a much better workout by pushing off from your toes. By pushing off from your toes during exercises such as leg presses, you are causing that set of muscles to work much harder than they generally would if you were just pushing off with your foot.

Take care of your shoulders when doing upright rows. Do this by using a shoulder-width grip on the bar. The traditional narrow grip is terrible for your shoulders. This specific grip can cause shoulder-impingement syndrome, which can lead to syndromes such as tendinitis and bursitis in the shoulder region. Stick with shoulder-width grips to avoid these.

Take initiative on the exercises you know you do not like. You probably dislike them because you are worried you cannot do them, so give them a second, third, and fourth try. Keep working at them and you will eventually come to enjoy them, as you know you can succeed.

Have a physical with your doctor before starting a fitness program. This is especially important if you have high blood pressure, smoke, have diabetes or are overweight. The doctor will be able to tell you if there are any kinds of activities that you should avoid in the beginning.

Stop making excuses for not working out. Schedule a block of time to workout tomorrow, even if it's only for 15 minutes. https://multivtmncpsuls.tumblr.com/ , schedule another block of time for the next day. Do this daily and eventually you won't need to make that appointment with yourself and your workout time will increase. Soon, exercise will just be part of a normal day.

A very good tip in reaching a well rounded physically fit body is to do exercises that you tend to dislike. You probably dislike it because you are weak at it and the only way to strengthen that part of your body is to exercise and do the work out associated to it.

To build up shoulder and arm strength you should work on pull-ups. Pull-ups work out different muscles based on the distance between your hands. The further out they are the more the back muscles are used to pull you up. The closer in they are the more they use your arms and shoulders to pull you up. Pull-ups are one of the best exercises to perform because they have very little capability of damaging muscles.

Stepping classes are an especially great way for women to get fit. Stepping classes can shape up the thighs and butt, a region that's well-known for being important in feminine beauty! Other exercises such as body squats and lunges can also help to firm up these muscles as well. Trunk, core and thigh muscles are important to both genders, because they provide a majority of the body's lifting capability.

Whenever you are working out your back by performing lat pull-downs, make sure your grip is correct. Do not make the mistake of wrapping your thumbs around the bar, rather, let your thumbs lie along the bar. visit the following webpage will cause you to use more of your back muscles without your arms.


Don't give up on your fitness routine until you've been at it for at least a month. Your body generally requires about thirty days to become accustomed to new changes. Keep focused and motivated for that first month, and you'll find your routine will get increasingly easier to maintain after that.

Experts have conflicting opinions about fitness, and it is therefore a messy subject. There are dos and don'ts when it comes to fitness, and important things to consider before embarking on a fitness regimen. You can follow the advice from this article to make you feel happier and healthier.

Skin Care Tips That Everybody Needs To Know

You do not have to use a facial mask or get facials to have great skin. It is about taking care of your skin as a whole, which includes minimizing your contact with the sun. This article will help you create a skin care routine to make your skin glow with health.

To keep your youthful glow exfoliate your skin daily with a wash cloth or other textured cloth. In addition you should exfoliate with a sea sponge or exfoliating cleanser once a week. Removing the old, dead skin cells from the top layer of your skin allows the new, softer skin cells underneath to be seen.

If you are a female, be careful with the type of makeup that you use. Try not to use a makeup with a lot of chemicals, which can harm the surface of your skin and starve your pores of oxygen. Find a mineral makeup that is made up of natural, breathable ingredients.

Don't go to bed when you're wearing your makeup. It is important that all layers are taken off your skin at the end of the day. Closed pores all night does not allow your skin to breathe and repair. Washing your face before bed won't take long, and the end result is worth it.

For wrinkly elbows , magazine-model skin, skip those extra alcoholic drinks. Research shows that drinking more than one beer, glass of wine, or cocktail per day can increase your skin's oiliness and make your pores look larger. Plus, drinking too much alcohol can dehydrate you, causing skin flakiness. Additionally, alcohol's ability to dilate blood vessels will increase redness.

Anyone interested in prolonging the youthful appearance of their skin should consider regular application of a topical retinoid. Such preparations incorporate a healthy amount of vitamin A, and work to minimize the effects of aging and sun exposure. Routine use of these products boosts the production of collagen and helps the skin more effectively rid itself of dull dead skin cells.

When looking for skin-care products, don't fall for the age-based skin care marketing. Your skin is your skin, regardless of age. You may be 50 with the oily skin of a 25-year-old or vice versa. If so, you may find yourself buying products far too oily for your skin type, since the makers assume you must be drying out by now, when the last thing your oily 50-year-old face needs is MORE oil. Instead, always know your skin type and monitor that too, because it does change over time. Buy your skin products by skin rather than by age group.

No skin care routine can truly be complete without proper maintenance. A consistent and regular regimen of cleansing (without harsh soaps), followed by moisturizing and weekly exfoliation, creates a supple and elastic quality in the skin that makes your additional skin care treatments not only easier, but in many cases, less necessary.

Another great way to keep your skin looking great is to prevent excessive sun contact by wearing protective clothing when you go outside. visit my homepage includes tightly woven long sleeve shirts, hats, long pants and shoes. If you prevent excessive sun contact, your skin will look great for a much longer time.

To help keep your skin looking its best, never go to bed with makeup or sunscreen on. Something that's been on your face all day is full of dirt and germs, and that can lead to breakouts. Even if you think you are too tired, be sure to wash your face before you go to sleep.

To keep your skin products from damaging your skin, you should dispose of old makeup products. Even if http://www.komando.com/tips/465620/why-you-should-try-christian-based-alternative-healthcare doesn't have an expiration date, makeup can go bad, just like food can. In addition to this, dust and dirt can build up in makeup containers over time. For the most part, you should not keep makeup for more than 1 or 2 years.

To draw out even the most stubborn blackheads, try twice-weekly treatments with a nutrient-rich refining masque. Ideally, the masque should contain Kaolin clay, which is highly effective for removing impurities, absorbing excess oils, and tightening and shrinking the pores. Over time, this will create noticeable improvements in the appearance and texture of skin.

If you apply makeup often, make sure that you wash your brushes at least once a week. Oil and dead skin can get caught in these brushes, as you do not want this to be transferred to your skin on a daily basis. Take this into consideration to maximize the health of your skin.

Darker armpit skin can have many causes, whether its due to irritating shirt fabrics, shaving, or just bad genetics. In any case, it can really be "the pits." Use a cream with a high percentage of hydroquinone to banish awkward under-arm dark patches. This will help lighten the area. If you think it is due to shaving, make sure to switch razor blades at least once a week to prevent ingrown hairs and pesky bumps.

Get relief from dry skin by using a humidifier in your room. A humidifier can add just enough moisture to your room so that the air will not feel so dry. This is especially useful during the winter time when you need to heat your home. The moist air will keep your skin properly moisturized.

Thiamin is a B vitamin very important in human health. It is extremely important to proper brain and nerve function, in addition to a whole host of poorly defined symptoms like scaly skin. It is found in wheat and rice bran as well as pork, yeast extract, yeast, and oatmeal.


Supplement your intake of beta carotene. Beta carotene, or Vitamin A is a potent antioxidant and actually helps maintain the skin's defenses by beefing up its protective layer. Beta carotene also assists in the cleanup of current breakouts by making the body's natural repair process more efficient. You can amp up your vitamin A intake easily -- just eat some carrots!

Get rid of your chapped lips now. To prevent lips from chapping, keep some lip balm in the areas you frequent, such as your car, your desk, and your purse and apply frequently. You can also use a few drops of olive oil mixed with honey to hydrate your lips. Your lips will look and feel so much better with a balm or olive oil mixture applied.

Eating properly is one of the best possible things you can do for your skin. If you're eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, that means you're getting the right amount of vitamins and minerals. That means your skin should remain looking its best.

Be visit this link to get in the routine and do not skip steps with your skin care. If you follow a routine it will make it easier to keep up the regimen. Sunscreen is also very important in order to prevent advanced or early aging of skin. You only get one set of skin, so be sure to make the best of it!

Steps On The Best Ways To Overcome Thinning Hair

Treating hair thinning is an effortless activity if done in an effective manner. It is integral to tackle hair loss knowledgeably in order to preserve and stimulate proper growth of your hair. The tips below offer numerous ideas concerning treating hair thinning effectively. Carrying out https://www.afr.com/personal-finance/key-opportunities-and-risks-for-new-financial-year-20180705-h12aoc will lead to stronger, fuller hair.

In order to help regrow hair that has been lost, you may want to consider purchasing an organic shampoo. Many times, hair thinning is caused by the use of shampoos and other hair treatments, so it is important that you reverse this damage. Organic shampoos do that by cleansing your scalp and unclogging follicles so that hair can grow back.

If you play football, make sure that your helmet is not too tight. Tight fitting helmets can strain your scalp and weaken each strand of hair. Limit the amount of hair that you lose by wearing a helmet that fits comfortably.

Do your best to avoid alcohol. Not only is alcohol high in calories and sugar, it can lower your blood levels of zinc, vitamin C and vitamin B. Loss of these vitamins on a regular basis can result in the loss of hair because growth depends on those chemicals. As you lose those vitamins you end up losing your hair.

In order to prevent your hair from falling out, you want to consider avoiding hair relaxers. The chemicals in these products are known to make hair fragile and fall out. Also, avoid using rollers in your hair. They grab onto hair too tightly and could cause it to fall out.

Massaging your scalp can increase circulation. Scalp massages also help relieve stress, which is a major contributor to hair loss. This is a technique that can be used daily with no risk of damage or more the loss of hair.

If you are concerned about, or suffering from hair loss, avoid home permanent kits and leave that process to the professionals. Permanent waves can add curl, volume and fullness to straight, fine and thinning hair, but the chemicals involved can cause complete the loss of hair if left in too long or applied incorrectly.

Mixing castor oil and white iodine makes a potent solution that could help you to re-grow your hair. To make this concoction, simply add equal parts of each ingredient, mix them well, and then apply directly to the scalp (about a teaspoon's worth) and work to massage it in. Repeat this every night.

When addressing hair loss, it's vital that you are aware on the ways you fix your hair. Some practices that can result in blading are wearing tight pony tails, barrettes, and other constricting devices. It can lead to hair thinning, starting with around the temples and side of the head, in a condition called "traction alopecia".

While stress can help lead to thinning hair, meditation can help take care of stress and dissolve it. Meditation calms you mentally and physically, and it relaxes the mind and the muscles. It causes an opposite reaction to that of stress. Try meditating and having a devotion time daily in the morning when you wake up. See how this affects your daily life.

To increase hop over to these guys , promote overall health and reduce hair loss, be sure to eat a healthful, balanced diet, drink lots of fresh pure water, get plenty of exercise and plenty of rest. Many times, people lose their hair due to stress and general lack of health. By taking care of your whole body, you will be giving yourself the best chance to keep a healthy head of hair.

If you suffer from hair loss, you may want to consider eating a handful of white sesame seeds. The calcium and magnesium found in these seeds have been proven to help stop and prevent further hair loss. It is recommended that you only eat a handful and that you do so in the morning.


Keep your hair clean. If you don't wash your hair your follicles can get clogged up with dirt and oil. This is what causes the loss of hair and can prevent you from growing hair back. You should be sure you don't over shampoo your hair because this can also cause the loss of hair.

Use baby shampoo to wash your hair. This is gentle on your hair and doesn't have many chemicals that can cause harm to your hair. You should make sure you don't shampoo your hair more than once a day. You also should be gentle with your hair when you wash it.

Use aloe vera in your hair. For many years aloe vera has been used for hair health. You can mix it in with your shampoo for the best results. You can also mix it with jojoba oil, castor oil or olive oil for good results. This will help soothe your hair and scalp.

To help treat hair thinning related to a skin problem, consider including more essential fatty acids in your diet. In scientific studies, increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids has sometimes shown improvement in thinning hair related to a skin condition. Omega-3 foods include flax seeds, walnuts and salmon, and omega-6 foods include egg yolks and cooking oils. Keep the two types of fatty acids in proper balance for optimal results.

Massage your scalp. This helps with preventing the loss of hair and helps hair grow back. Massaging your scalp will help the blood and nutrients circulate in your scalp. Just rub your head with your fingers in a slow circular motion. When it gets warm and tingly it means the blood is flowing.

Do not dye your hair more than once every six to eight weeks. The more often that you dye your hair, the more damage you are going to do to both your hair and your scalp. If you dye it more often than this you are going to increase the risk of blading.

When considering a new hair loss treatment, be sure to do research on the possible and often likely, side effects. https://www.diigo.com/profile/vivaa2015 , include, feeling ill, headaches and sexual dysfuntion. Some treatments have increased side effects. Evaluate all the pros and cons before begining with any new product.

Treating what is thrombosis and embolism of hair is wonderful for obtaining a revitalized, energetic look. The tips given in this article will help you to engage in treating the loss of hair correctly and minimize any damage possibly caused by being uninformed. When you include treating blading into your regular activities properly you will obtain noticeable results faster.

Getting Fit Can Be Easy By Following These Tips

Fitness is a lot more that just working out on a treadmill or lifting weights. It is truly a progressive routine, complete with plans, maintenance, and goals. It has many routines and pieces of equipment that require knowledge, strength, and patience. Do you have what it takes? Regardless of your answer, here are some tips to help you.

In order to get the most out of your weight lifting fitness routine, be sure to only use a weight belt when it is absolutely necessary. Wearing a weight belt can actually diminish the strength needed in your abs and back, leading to a higher possibility of injury in the future.

1) Set a daily alarm or daily reminder on your phone to encourage you to exercise, make it encouraging and positive. Remember, this is something you want to do!

Climbing trees can be an excellent way to improve fitness. When one climbs up and down trees frequently they are building muscle in areas all over their body. The upper body such as the arms and shoulders benefit from pulling the individual upwards. The lower body benefits from pushing the individual toward the top. It is rewarding and fun.

Some older adults will become less mobile because of their loss of balance when walking. Using a walking cane or a walker will help improve balance and lessen the chance from falling. However, studies have shown that using a pole instead of a cane or walker is better for the older adult. A pole will increase the strength of the upper-body and help the cardiovascular system as well as simultaneously improve their balance while walking.

Swimming is a great way to stay in shape. Swimming burns calories, builds lean muscle and cardiovascular stamina but isn't hard on your joints like impact sports (such as running or cycling). If you don't have your own pool, some gyms offer indoor and outdoor pools or you can join a community pool.

Avoid using the treadmill to warm-up with before you engage in your weight training. Instead, opt for a warm-up that will actually work the muscles that you will be using for lifting the weights. To do a full body warm-up that accomplishes this, use a bar and perform two sets of 10 reps of squats, bench-presses, dead-lifts, etc.

Home gyms may seem expensive, but you can create a small gym in your house for less than you may think. A treadmill, exercise bike and a set of weights, will only cost a couple hundred dollars. While your local gym may offer a lot more, most people don't have time to go to a gym every day.

Walking: We do it every day, but there's a good chance that we could be doing it a lot more. Even minor adjustments in your daily number of steps can contribute to weight loss. Try parking at the end of the lot, taking the stairs instead of the elevator, or simply taking a leisurely stroll around the block.


Just because just click the following internet site may have hurt one arm doesn't mean you need to stop exercising your other arm. Research shows that people who worked out only one arm for two weeks were able to make their hurt arm stronger by up to ten percent. When you work one arm, you are actually sending a message to the muscle nerve fibers of the opposite arm.

If you injure one of your body parts, you should not stop working it out, but instead continue to work it out. For example, if you injure your right leg, you should continue to work out that leg because some of the strength will actually be transferred to the leg not working out.

For someone new to the idea of getting in shape, fitness does not have to mean buying the most expensive shoes and training for a marathon. For those with little athletic ambition, a good start would be taking the stairs up to the office instead of the elevator and walking to a work-mate's office to relay a message instead of sending an in-office email.

You should always hold your stretches. It does not matter your age, if you are not holding the stretch for at least thirty seconds, you are not maintaining your flexibility. The older you get, the longer you need to hold the pose to achieve the same result. Add thirty additional seconds if you are over forty.

Try to reduce the amount of stress you have in your life. Find a nice relaxing place and maybe take a break from your work out and try and meditate or do some yoga. This will really help your fitness routine, and your body will love you for it.

Going out of http://www.getjealous.com/reasonalarm56baymon/journal/6374792/make-much-healthier-options-with-these-n.html but don't want to miss out on a workout? Here are a few ways you can workout while away from home. Pack the resistance bands. They don't take up much space and provide a good workout. If you're staying in a hotel, check and see if it has a gym. If they don't, check with a local health club as some will sell day passes.

Control your breathing! For fitness enthusiasts who are working on their abs, exhale as hard as you can - at the top position - when you are performing crunches or sit-ups. This pushes your abdominal muscles to work even harder, which should give you better results in not time!

Many people think that you should work muscle groups that are active in many of the same workouts. This is not the case. You should actually try and work out opposing muscle groups, for instance, triceps and biceps. While one is working out, the other has the chance to rest.

When working out your back you should try to not grip the bar with your thumb and index finger. Instead lay your thumb alongside your index finger. Supposedly this kind of grip causes your muscles to rely more on your back, utilizing less of your arm muscles and more of your back muscles.

It's beneficial to jog for 5-10 minutes before exercising. This helps to build up the heart-rate and get the muscles warmed up for serious work. While it's not a necessary step when body building or lifting weights, cardiovascular activity does have its benefits. Warm-up and warm-down periods can help ease the body back into a resting state. After running a long race, it's customary for runners to walk around with their hands raised to increase the circulation and blood flow.

Do at least forty minutes of high-intensity aerobics a week to stay healthy. Studies have shown that people who work out are less likely to become ill, but if you only want to do the minimum, opt for aerobics. People who performed two aerobics classes a week got sick much less often than those who don't exercise at all.

With so many options in how to stay fit, there is no reason why you cannot achieve the healthy body that you have been dreaming about. Whether Kansas City recently graduated from wellspring college like to exercise indoors or outdoors, alone or with others, it is important to find a routine that suits your lifestyle. Try some of these suggestions, and begin your journey to a healthier body.

Get Fit, Live Happy, And Live Healthy

Whether you're a complete beginner to fitness or already hitting the gym 7 days a week, the key to having an effective workout regimen is creating goals and having the knowledge to help you achieve them. This article will provide you with some ideas about how to achieve optimal fitness.

When using weight lifting to build fitness, be careful of your form. If you use good form while lifting, you can strengthen the muscles around your joints and reduce daily pain. Using poor form will not only not harm your aching joints, it can actually lead to serious injuries.

When you're working through a fitness regimen, remember that you should always warm up. If you are under the age of forty, hold your stretches for thirty seconds. If you are over the age of forty, your stretches should be held for sixty seconds. Muscles become less limber as you age, so it is wise to adjust your workout to keep on top of these changes.

Dips are a great exercise for your triceps, but by slighting moving your body, you can workout your chest as well. While doing the dips, put your elbows in and keep your body straight to work your triceps. To work your chest, lean forward and put your arms out slightly.

Clog dancing is a fun way to get fit, lose weight, and reduce stress. The basic motion to clogging is to bounce up and down by bending at the knees and pushing downwards through the feet into the ground, then rebound upwards. As you rebound upwards, shuffle your foot forward and loosely brush your toes against the ground. Clog dancing should be performed on a smooth surface with hard-soled shoes.

Remember during your workouts that your abdominals are muscles, just like any other group in your body. You need to build regular rest days into your fitness program. Even if you swap between cardio and strength training on subsequent days, you still need to give your abs a day off every now and then.

Record all of your daily activity in a detailed fitness diary. Keep tabs on every type of workout; make sure you list every exercise, no matter how small. Pick up a pedometer in order to be able to record your daily mileage, as that is a part of your fitness regime. This diary will be a visual reminder of how far you have come.

To get the best results from your workouts, you need to make sure that you have the proper form. This will both give you the best workout possible and also reduce the risk of injury. Take the time to perfect your form and focus on quality rather than on quantity.

It is possible to speed up recovery time from a particularly hard workout. The day after your hard workout, lightly exercise the same muscles. Use weights which are about twenty percent of your max weight and do two sets of twenty-five repetitions. This will help to deliver nutrients and blood to muscles to help them recover at a faster rate.

When you feel the burn, go back the next day for more! Exercising to the point that we feel it can make us really sore for days. The best way to prevent that, or at least to minimize it, is to exercise again the very next day and the day following that. It may be prudent to take it easier but don't forgo exercise all together.

Before beginning your bench workout, firmly press the cushion down with your fingers in order to test the padding thickness. If the wood can be felt directly under the top pads, you should consider using another machine. A machine that does not have adequate padding can cause bruising during your workout.

If you want to grow bigger muscles, then follow these instructions. First, you must determine how much weight to lift for a single exercise. Multiply this by how many times you lift this weight. You should aim to increase this multiplied number after every workout by lifting more weight or by increasing your volume.

Slow and steady wins the race, the race to stay fit that is. A recent study showed that those who engaged in moderate physical activity, such as biking and walking, maintained the highest overall activity levels. Those who did vigorous exercises for short periods of time spent more of their day being sedentary. Vigorous exercise does burn calories, but those who enjoyed moderate exercise tended to be more active overall.


https://wallinside.com/post-63588073-benefits-of-becomming-a-healthier-you.html can receive quite a bit of strain when doing crunches. Try to remember to place your tongue against the roof of the mouth while doing them. This should help with your head alignment and keep it properly set in place while minimizing the stress to the neck area.

To recover faster from heavy exercise, do a light work out the next day, that covers the same muscle group. On this second day, concentrate on very low weights, which are about twenty percent of your lifting capacity and two quick sets of twenty-five repetitions. Your muscles will heal faster because they will receive more blood and nutrients flowing through them.

Drinking plenty of water and some sports drinks can help you to prevent muscle cramps. Cramping is often the result of becoming dehydrated, and losing valuable electrolytes due to sweating. It is therefore important to replenish both your fluids and electrolytes, especially after a strenuous workout.

take a look at the site here try to become a fitness guru overnight. Focus on spending a reasonable amount of time exercising every day as a baseline and then work from there. It's easy to become burned out and discouraged when you try to go from no exercise to running a 5k, so just work up to walking 15 minutes a day first and then improve gradually.

Count backwards when doing repetitions. When you are doing exercises that require numerous repetitions, counting backwards can increase your motivation. When medical assisting KC count forwards, your mind only focuses on how many you have already done, however just like the countdown to midnight on New Year's Eve, counting backwards builds anticipation as you get closer to zero.

Getting fit takes some time; it doesn't happen overnight. But working out a fitness routine and committing to your own success can help. Use these tips to help you do that and decide to work on your fitness no matter what. Be healthy by being fit and be happier as well.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15